The 13th International Workshop on Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science will be held on September 11-12, 2018 in Krakow, at Jagiellonian University.
Scope of the workshop
The workshop will provide a forum for researchers and practitioners from the fields of natural language processing, computational linguistics and cognitive science to their ideas and investigations. Given the breadth of the topic, we welcome papers from many perspectives, including but not limited to computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology, language learning, artificial intelligence, and in particular cognitive neuroscience.
The aim of this workshop is to foster interactions among researchers and practitioners in Natural Language Processing (NLP) by taking a Cognitive Science perspective and learning from recent advances in Cognitive Neuroscience.
Roelien Bastiaanse (University of Groningen, The Netherlands)
How language impairments can help us to understand how language is processed
in the brain: time reference in agrammatic aphasia
Brain damage caused by, for example, a stroke, may result in impairments to language processing. This is called ‘aphasia’. Dependent on the site and the size of the brain lesion, different linguistic levels may be affected. Usually, phonology, lexical semantics and grammar are all distorted, but so-called ‘pure aphasias’ are not rare. Video clips will be presented to show how aphasia can be manifested, but the talk will focus on impairments to the interface of grammar and semantics, that is, on the production of verb morphology to refer to a time frame (past, present and future). The theory behind the hypothesis that reference to the past is particularly difficult (PAst DIscourse LInking Hypothesis: PADILIH; Bastiaanse et al., 2012) will be explained. The Test for Assessing Reference of Time (TART; Bastiaanse, Jonkers & Thompson, 2010) will be introduced and the methodological problems that arise when developing a test for different languages and cultures will be discussed. Aphasia data from more than 10 typologically different languages (including Mandarin, Swahili and Akan) will be presented to illustrate how selective a language disorder may be.
- Bastiaanse, R. Bamyaci, E., Hsu, C.-J. Lee, J., Yarbay Duman, T. & Thompson, C.K. (2011) Time reference in agrammatic aphasia: A cross-linguistic study. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24, 652-673.
- Bastiaanse, R., Jonkers, R. & Thompson, C.K. (2010) Test for Assessing Reference of Time (TART). Groningen: University of Groningen.